Causation Self-Quiz

 

 

 

 

 

Bart is a seventeen year old kid who lives in rural Springfield. Springfield has a statute that makes it a crime to “knowingly or recklessly engage in any unlawful activity that could result in the burning of any structure in a rural area”. The statute defines “rural areas” as areas that are used primarily for farming. Bart lives next door to Moe’s hops and barley farm. Having nothing to do one day, Bart goes to Crusty’s fireworks store and buys a bunch of illegal bottle rockets. Bart brings the rockets home and begins setting them off in his backyard. One of the rockets flies out of control and lands in Moe’s barn. The Barn, which is full of freshly harvested hops, ignites and burns to the ground. If Bart is charged with violating the statute, he will probably be:
Choice 1 Convicted, because Bart violated the statute knowingly
Choice 2 Convicted, if the prosecution can prove that, but for Bart’s actions, Moe’s barn would not have been destroyed
Choice 3 Acquitted, because he is under eighteen years of age
Choice 4 Acquitted, because Bart did not intend to burn Moe’s barn down
Bart is a seventeen year old kid who lives in rural Springfield. Springfield has a statute that makes it a crime to “knowingly or recklessly engage in any unlawful activity that could result in the burning of any structure in a rural area”. The statute defines “rural areas” as areas that are used primarily for farming. Bart lives next door to Moe’s hops and barley farm. Having nothing to do one day, Bart goes to Crusty’s fireworks store and buys a bunch of illegal bottle rockets. Bart brings the rockets home and begins setting them off in his backyard. One of the rockets flies out of control and lands in front of Moe’s barn. The Barn, which is full of freshly harvested hops, ignites and, soon, the entire first floor of the three story building is on fire. While the lower half of the barn is burning, a bolt of lightning strikes the barn igniting the roof as well. The barn soon burns to the ground. If Bart is charged with violating the statute, he will probably be:
Choice 1 Convicted, because Bart violated the statute knowingly
Choice 2 Convicted, if the prosecution can prove that, but for Bart’s actions, Moe’s barn would not have been destroyed
Choice 3 Acquitted, because the lightning contributed to the barn’s destruction
Choice 4 Acquitted, because Bart did not intend to burn Moe’s barn down
South Park has a statute that makes it a crime to knowingly or recklessly engage in any unlawful activity that could result in the burning of any structure in a rural area. The statute defines rural areas as areas that are used primarily for farming. After hiking to the edge of some corn fields, Kyle builds an illegal bonfire in a clearing so that he can barbecue. Five hundred feet away from Kyle, Stan builds a fire as well. Neither Kyle nor Stan take the necessary precautions to make sure their fires do not spread out of control. The fires, which are burning toward Cartman's farmhouse also burn toward each other and eventually join. The new big fire proceeds to burn Cartman's farmhouse to the ground. Each fire individually was big enough to destroy Cartman's property. If Kyle and Stan are charged with violating the statute, they will be:
Choice 1 Acquitted, because, but for either of their actions, Cartman’s farmhouse would have burned anyway
Choice 2 Acquitted, because neither of them meant Cartman any harm
Choice 3 Convicted, because the statute creates a general intent crime
Choice 4 Convicted, because Kyle and Stan’s actions were concurrent sufficient causes of the destruction of Cartman’s farmhouse


Kyle and Stan hatch a plan to rob Cartman’s house. A few nights later, they break into Cartman’s house and start stuffing any valuables they see into a big leather bag. Unfortunately, Cartman’s mother comes home while Stan and Kyle are there. Stan and Kyle tie Cartman’s mother up and shove her into a closet. They then finish going through the house and leave. What Kyle and Stan do not know is that Mrs. Cartman has a serious heart condition and, due to the fright they have caused her, Mrs. Cartman has suffered a fatal heart attack. If Kyle and Stan are charged with Mrs. Cartman’s death, they will probably be:
Choice 1 Acquitted, because they did not intend for Mrs. Cartman do die
Choice 2 Acquitted, because such an extreme physical reaction was unforeseeable
Choice 3 Convicted, because a preexisting condition does not break the chain of causation between an act and its result
Choice 4 Convicted, because Mrs. Cartman dies while Kyle and Stan were robbing her house

Kyle and Stan hatch a plan to rob Cartman’s house. A few nights later, they break into Cartman’s house and start stuffing any valuables they see into a big leather bag. Unfortunately, Cartman’s mother comes home while Stan and Kyle are there. Stan and Kyle tie Cartman’s mother up and shove her into a closet. They then finish going through the house and leave. What Kyle and Stan do not know is that Mrs. Cartman has a serious heart condition and, do to the fright they have caused her, Mrs. Cartman has suffered a heart attack. She is rushed to the hospital and then into surgery. Unfortunately, during the operation, one of the doctors accidentally cuts an artery with his scalpel and Mrs. Cartman dies on the operating table. If Kyle and Stan are charged with Mrs. Cartman’s death, they will probably be:
Choice 1 Acquitted, because they did not intend for Mrs. Cartman do die
Choice 2 Acquitted, because the doctor’s negligence was unforeseeable
Choice 3 Convicted, because a negligent medical care does not break the chain of causation between an act and its result
Choice 4 Convicted, because Mrs. Cartman dies while Kyle and Stan were robbing her house

Kyle and Stan hatch a plan to rob Cartman’s house. A few nights later, they break into Cartman’s house and start stuffing any valuables they see into a big leather bag. Unfortunately, Cartman’s mother comes home while Stan and Kyle are there. Stan and Kyle tie Cartman’s mother up and shove her into a closet. They then finish going through the house and leave. What Kyle and Stan do not know is that Mrs. Cartman has a serious heart condition and, do to the fright they have caused her, Mrs. Cartman has suffered a heart attack. She is rushed to the hospital and then into surgery. Unfortunately, one of the doctors who is performing the surgery has just returned from a bachelor party and is very drunk. The doctor accidentally cuts an artery with his scalpel and Mrs. Cartman dies on the operating table. If Kyle and Stan are charged with Mrs. Cartman’s death, they will probably be:
Choice 1 Acquitted, because they did not intend for Mrs. Cartman do die
Choice 2 Acquitted, because the doctor’s gross negligence broke the chain of causation between Kyle and Stan’s act and Mrs. Cartman’s death
Choice 3 Convicted, because a negligent medical care does not break the chain of causation between an act and its result
Choice 4 Convicted, because Mrs. Cartman dies while Kyle and Stan were robbing her house

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