Indirect Causation Self-Quiz

 

 

 

 

 

 

Biff is driving down the street in his new car when he sees Lorraine walking down the street. Biff sticks his head out the window and starts making cat-calls at Lorraine. Unfortunately, while Biff is paying attention to Lorraine, he is not paying attention to where he is going and he ends up driving onto the curb and hitting Marty. Marty suffers a broken leg and is taken to the hospital. Marty is told that he needs surgery to repair the leg. However, Doc, the surgeon, gets his records mixed up and ends up amputating Marty’s leg instead of setting it. In a suit against Biff for negligence, Marty can recover both for the initial injury and for the loss of the leg as well:
True
False
Biff is chasing Lorraine around the neighborhood. In trying to escape from Biff, Lorraine runs through the construction site for the new Lion’s Gate Estates where she plans to hide among the construction equipment. However, Lorraine does not see a pit dug into the earth. She falls into the pit and breaks her leg. Marty, a construction worker, sees Lorraine fall and goes to her aid. Marty is as careful as possible in trying to help Lorraine out of the pit. However, while pulling her up, Marty accidentally dislocates one of Lorraine’s shoulders. If Lorraine sues Biff for negligence, she will only be able to recover for her broken leg:
True
False
Marty and Lorraine are spending the afternoon at Lorraine’s apartment on the tenth floor of the Twin Pines apartment complex. Biff, knowing that Lorraine and Marty are upstairs, is in the lobby waiting for them. Biff is smoking a cigarette while he waits. When he is finished with the smoke Biff absentmindedly flicks the butt away. Unfortunately, the butt, still smoldering, lands on one of the couches in the lobby. The couch ignites and the fire spreads through the lobby very quickly. The alarm bells in the apartment building are sounded and the residents all begin to rush to the staircases leading down to the first floor. Lorraine and Marty make it to the stairwell and begin to descend. However, in the panic to get out of the building, someone pushes Lorraine and sends her tumbling down the stairs. Lorraine suffers a broken ankle and several broken ribs. If Lorraine were to sue Biff for her injuries, she would lose and recover nothing:
True
False
Biff is driving down the street in his new car when he sees Lorraine walking down the street. Biff sticks his head out the window and starts making cat-calls at Lorraine. Unfortunately, while Biff is paying attention to Lorraine, he is not paying attention to where he is going and he ends up driving onto the curb and hitting Marty. Marty suffers a broken leg and is taken to the hospital. Marty is told that he needs surgery to repair the leg. The surgery goes well. However, two days later, the surgical incision becomes badly infected and the leg needs to be amputated. In a suit against Biff for negligence, Marty can recover both for the initial injury and for the loss of the leg as well:
True
False
Biff owns an apartment building in a high crime area of Hill Valley. The entrance to the building opens onto a dimly lit lobby. There are no security guards or security cameras monitoring the lobby. Biff has installed locks on the entry door but he has installed them in a negligent fashion and they do not work. One evening, Lorraine enters the lobby on her way up to her apartment. She is mugged by three men who have been hiding in the lobby. If Lorraine sues Biff for negligence, she will probably:
Choice 1 Lose, because the mugging was an intervening act by other people
Choice 2 Lose, because Lorraine chose to live in a high crime area
Choice 3 Win, because Lorraine was attacked in a building owned by Biff.
Choice 4 Win, because the attack was reasonably foreseeable
Charlie is an employee of PetroCorp., an oil and gas company. Charlie’s job is to make deliveries of heating oil to PetroCorp’s customers. Charlie’s first stop one morning is at Lucy’s house, where Charlie is supposed to fill the oil tank in Lucy’s house. Charlie fills the tank but when he closes the tank after he has filled it, he does so negligently. As a result, gas fumes leak out of the tank. That night, a large thunderstorm passes through Lucy’s area and Lucy’s house is struck by lightning. Unfortunately, by this time Lucy’s house is filled with gas fumes. When the lightning strikes the house, it triggers a massive explosion that destroys Lucy’s house. In a suit against Charlie, Lucy will probably:
Choice 1 Lose, because the lightning was an independent act
Choice 2 Lose, because the lightning was unforeseeable
Choice 3 Win, because the gas explosion was foreseeable
Choice 4 Win, because Charlie was negligent
Charlie is an employee of PetroCorp., an oil and gas company. Charlie’s job is to make deliveries of heating oil to PetroCorp’s customers. Charlie’s first stop one morning is at Lucy’s house, where Charlie is supposed to fill the oil tank in Lucy’s house. Charlie fills the tank but when he closes the tank after he has filled it, he does so negligently. As a result, gas fumes leak out of the tank. That night, Linus, a petty criminal and fire-bug, sets a fire in Lucy’s yard. The fire quickly spreads and ignites Lucy’s house. Unfortunately, by this time Lucy’s house is filled with gas fumes. When the flames reach the house, it triggers a massive explosion that destroys Lucy’s house. In a suit against Charlie, Lucy will probably:
Choice 1 Lose, because the fire started by Linus was an unforeseeable intervening criminal act
Choice 2 Lose, because Lucy’s house would have been damaged even without Charlie’s negligence.
Choice 3 Win, because the gas explosion was foreseeable
Choice 4 Win, because Charlie was negligent

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